Francois Sirois dit Duplessis: Prospering in Rivière Ouelle 1714-1721
Jacques Thiboutot was one the first the receive land at Rivière Ouelle in 1676. The concession is partially transcribed below (some words indiscernible) :
Concession of Jean Baptiste Francois Deschamps to Jaques Thiboutot in
the Seigneurie de la Bouteillerie
Original : French
8 Mai 1676
Jean Baptiste Francois Deschamps escuyer, seigneur de la
bouteillerie et de la Seigneurie Deschamps située en la riviere houel;
cy droité?en concede donné a concedé à jaques tiboutot,
une habitation ayant a la quantité
de six arpent de terre de front sur la rivière houel sur le quarant
arpens de profondeur en sivant? pres? la bord du grand fleuve St.
Laurent; aux chargisis? conditions cy après; que le dit tiboutot
parue, payera vingt sols par chaque arpent de front; ? ? trois
chapons de vent? seigneurialle qui ???? ??? le jour de le St.
Martin sera que le dis Tiboutot sera obligé de venir moudra ses
farines? au moulin ?annal de nostre seigneurie lors qu'il y en aura un;
sera aussy obligé de laisser des chemins pot? paysser ?? ??? pour les
passan; ausi quel quis ???? ???? ??? qui ?? employées dans le contrat
qui je promet? luy en donner par devant de notaire ???? fais et qu???
fait A la riviere houel ce huitieme jour de mai
mil six sent soissant et saise
luy donne aussy une portion de terre ???? d'un coste la ???????
habitation de damien berubé __ de lautre la riviere houel la
quelle contient quelque arpent de terre qui je luy lirera? pas partage
les qu ils seront confusée dans les lien? du? del a ____ ditre
habitation; fait a la ??? manoir seigneurial le jour et an qui dessus
8 Mai 1676
Jean Baptiste Francois Deschamps nobleman, lord of the
bouteillerie and of the Seigneurie Deschamps situated on the houel
river; lawfully concede to jaques tiboutot, a farm
having six acres of
frontage on the houel river by forty acres of depth along the shore of
the St Lawrence river; with the follwing conditions: that the
said tiboutot will pay twenty sols for each acre of frontage,
???? three chapons of siegneurial rent which ??? ??? the of the St.
Martin, ??? that the said Tiboutot will be obligated to
have his grain ground in the grist mill, when one exists, and will be
also obligated to keep the roads passable for travellers as well
as ???? ???? ??? who ?? employed in the contract which
I promise to give to him before the notary so said and done at Rivière
Houel this eighth day of may of the year one
thousand six hundred seventy six
also give to him a piece of land ???? beside of the ????? habitation
of damien berubé __ on the opposite side of the houel
which contains several acres of land which I ???? to him not ??
that they be confused???? ???? ??? of the ____ said habitation;
done at the ??? seigneurial manor on the above day and year
Upon his death in 1688 the rights to Jaqcues Thiboutot's land were split between his three sons, Pierre, Adrien and Jacques and his only daughter, Marie Anne.
|With his marriage to Marie Anne Thiboutot, Francois Sirois dit Duplessis acquired the rights to her share.|
|On July 27, 1715 Francois exchanged four acres of land in Kamouraska with his brother-in-law Pierre for the remaining two shares of the land, becoming the sole proprietor.|
In 1725 a counting and registration of the entire Seigneurie of La Bouteillerie was conducted. The following is extracted from this census:Bergeron p161
This confirms that Francois did own the concession made originally to Jacques Thiboutot . From the dowry he gave to his bride Marie Anne and his land purchases, we learn that Francois was doing reasonably well economically. In addition to farming he most likely participated in the booming porpoise fishery of the area.
The following is borrowed from Alfred BergeronBergeron p159-161:
Earlier, during the, 1640's, a man could clear between one and two acres per year. In the 1720's, a man could clear between three and four acres per year with the aide of an ox and pick. Our ancestor[Francois] paid 1/20th of his farm's cash flow for a "casual tax." Consider 1/11th of the fish he caught was considered taxes. These he paid to the Seigneurie. Added to this, Francois had to pay 1/12thof the profit from the sale whenever he bought more land.
In 1720, a man had to work for 1 or 2 days to obtain a single pick or shovel valued at 40 sols or 2 Livres. A long gun was valued at 10 Livres, which represented between 4 to 6 days of hard labor; one large ox equaled 8 Livres; and 4 used bedsheets were valued at 14 Livres or a total of 5 to 7 days of hard labor … if these objects were even available.
In [Francois'] day agriculture was very favorable. A man planted enough wheat to provide about twelve bushels of ground wheat per person in his household, and an additional two bushels per person to sell which gave him a cash flow. Expenses would be mostly to pay taxes and to replenish or add new implements for the farm, especially iron tools, a stove imported from Boston, or cookware. Annual pew rental at church was about 1 1/2 bushels of wheat. [At this time], this tiny river community had nothing spectacular to offer. Rivière Ouelle was far from the attractions of city life and high society. It was far from political and military centers; it was far from centers that governed trade and commerce.
There were at Rivière Ouelle two very prominent fishing companies who specialized in catching porpoises. Fishing for porpoises was important to the city of Quebec because it represented about 13% of Quebec's [the city's] daily consumption. It was excellent seafood and it was especially useful for its oil used in lamps. Fleets to and from Quebec, Île d'Orléans, Rivière Ouelle and Kamouraska traveled daily for this specialized industry. We can assume that our ancestor, who lived on the waters' edge, was involved in this profitable business.
Rivière Ouelle was not a place to prosper, but most colonists survived. They knew that they had to make it on their own and they were motivated to do so.
Francois Sirois dit Duplessis and Marie Anne Thiboutot 1714-1721
As Francois prospered economically his family began to grow as well. At the time of his marriage in 1713 his family consisted of:
|Marie Anne Thiboutot: age 28|
Over the next 7+ years the following children were added to the family at Rivière Ouelle
|Francois II -- born 1715|
|Marie Francoise -- born July 26, 1717, baptized July 27, 1717|
|Marie Catherine -- baptized Feb 13, 1721|
Marie Catherine's arrival was problematic for Francois' 35 year old wife, Marie Anne Thiboutot. Just over a month after the birth on March 16, 1721 Marie Anne died from "complications resulting from her recent difficult pregnancy".. On March 19, 1721 she was laid to rest at Notre Dame de Liesse, Rivière Ouelle leaving Francois a widower to provide for their four children under the age of six and his step daughter Marie Anne Pelletier, age 12.
Francois Sirois dit Duplessis and Marie Francoise Roy dit Desjardins: 1721-1737
Francois Sirois dit Duplessis: Establishment in North America
I hope to continue to assemble and
improve upon the accuracy of the information in this site.